Inclusive Democracy – Canada

Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the right to choose their governing legislation. Who people are and how authority is shared among them are core issues for democratic theory. Generally, there are two types of democracy: direct and representative. In direct democracy, the people directly deliberate and decide on legislation. In a representative democracy, the people elect representatives to deliberate on the views of their constituents and decide on legislation. 

Classic democracy – Direct – The voting public communicates directly with the government. (Impractical today, but doable at the time of the Magna Carta).

Exclusive Democracy – Representative – The political party elites use the party’s Members of Parliament to relay the party elite’s election platform to the voters. Top-down.

Inclusive Democracy – Representative – With no political parties, independent Elected Representatives(“ER”) each communicate their constituents’ needs and aspirations to the Canada Assembly(“CA”). Bottom-up. (Note: Collectively the ERs are the CA; currently the MPs and Parliament).

The Common Good

… consists of our shared values about what we owe one another as citizens who are bound together in the same society—the norms we voluntarily abide by, and the ideals we seek to achieve. A concern for the common good—keeping the common good in mind—is a moral attitude. It recognizes that we’re all in it together. If there is no common good, there is no society. … Without voluntary adherence to a set of common notions about right and wrong, daily life would be insufferable. We would be living in a jungle where only the strongest, cleverest, and most wary could hope to survive. This would not be a society. It wouldn’t even be a civilization, because there would be no civility at its core.” Reich, Robert B. – The Common Good. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

Inclusivity I

“…at its fundament it is the idea of giving all citizens the chance to participate equally in economic, social, political, and cultural life” 6 Degrees – RBC Report.

Inclusivity II

“… for democratic structures to endure – and be worthy of endurance – they must listen to their citizens’ voices, engage their participation, tolerate their protests, protect their freedoms, and respond to their needs”. Diamond, Larry. The Spirit of Democracy. New York: Henry Holt and Company, LLC.


As racism in many societies is evidently entrenched systemically, it is apparent that the same style of disease is entrenched in the minds of political elites who would exclude the notion of inclusivity when considering the suitability of citizens to govern the nation.

“Perhaps the most enduring of the elite’s charges is that: most people are incapable of participating in government in a meaningful or competent way because they lack the necessary knowledge, intelligence, wisdom, experience, or character”. Maybe eight hundred years in the past, not today. (htt)


The prime purpose of this website, and the seminal document “Evolve Canada Democracy”, is to promote the evolution of the Canadian political system to the holistic Inclusive Democracy model. Inclusive Democracy will replace the current Exclusive Democracy model which has become elitist, exclusive, divisive, inefficient, and nearing extinction. We deserve better!

Should you choose to cite this website, or the Evolve Canada Democracy publication, please acknowledge your source. Otherwise, I suggest Inclusive Democracy is not for you and vice-versa. A downloadable free PDF copy of the document “Evolve Canada Democracy”, is available through the Contact page of this website.