Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the right to choose their governing legislation. Evidence, from the world-over, indicates democracy is under attack as political party elites impose legislation while ignoring the right of the people to choose. Even in nations that are considered to be the leading examples of democracy, despots are attempting to install dictatorial styles of leadership by imposing their personal views regardless of the views of the majority of the voting public.
Inclusive Democracy is a fully representative democracy: inclusive of all people and regions in a country. In a unicameral system, absent political parties, independent Elected Representatives will each communicate their constituents’ needs and aspirations to the governing authority, (e.g. the parliament), – thus bottom-up governance. Absent political parties the parliament will coalesce the input to formulate policy that is nationally representative and inclusive of the entire population. Inclusive democracy will embrace, support, and defend the ideals of the country as may be embodied in the national Common Good.
As practiced in most democratic settings today, political party elites dictate the party elite’s exclusive election platform to their voters, with little or no Elected Representative input. Clearly, top-down government that embraces becoming the party in power as the prime objective. Exclusive Democracy is seemingly mindless as regards the notion or the existence of a Common Good. The party elites dictate policy regardless of the expressed needs of a majority of the population, or for that matter, what may be good for the country.
The Common Good
“Be Kind, Caring, Considerate, Compassionate“
“… consists of our shared values about what we owe one another as citizens who are bound together in the same society—the norms we voluntarily abide by, and the ideals we seek to achieve. A concern for the common good—keeping the common good in mind—is a moral attitude. It recognizes that we’re all in it together. If there is no common good, there is no society. …
… is a set of [voluntarily] shared commitments—to the rule of law, and to the spirit as well as the letter of the law; to our democratic institutions of government; to truth; to tolerance of our differences; to equal political rights and equal opportunity; to participating in our civic life and making necessary sacrifices for the ideals we hold in common. We must share these commitments if we are to have a functioning society. They inform our judgments about right and wrong because they constitute our common good. Without them, there is no we.” Reich, Robert B. – The Common Good. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
“I will be Truthful, Honest, Non-violent, Lawful“
“… for democratic structures to endure – and be worthy of endurance – they must listen to their citizens’ voices, engage their participation, tolerate their protests, protect their freedoms, and respond to their needs”. Diamond, Larry. The Spirit of Democracy. New York: Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
As racism in many societies is evidently entrenched systemically, it is apparent that the same style of disease is entrenched in the minds of political elites who would exclude the notion of inclusivity when considering the suitability of citizens, the commoners, to govern the nation. It is as though politics, as currently practiced by the party elites, has dismissed several centuries of advancement.
“Perhaps the most enduring of the elite’s charges* is that: most people are incapable of participating in government in a meaningful or competent way because they lack the necessary knowledge, intelligence, wisdom, experience, or character”. https://www.britannica.com/topic/democracy/The-value-of-democracy (htt).
*Maybe eight centuries in the past. Definitely not the “commoners” of today.